Advanced Manufacturing focuses on the integration of nanomaterial synthesis and microfabrication techniques and conventional macroscale manufacturing technologies to produce nano- and microscale systems in an economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable manner.
Such efforts require both an understanding of the physical and chemical phenomena influencing manufacturing processes and bottom-up cost estimating to evaluate the economics of competing manufacturing strategies. Process-specific manufacturability rules, tooling and metrology can then be developed and applied.
AM research is interdisciplinary, and IE students choosing this area of concentration utilize courses and laboratories from across the College of Engineering and resources at the Microproducts Breakthrough Institute (MBI) and Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute (ONAMI).
Advanced manufacturing work done at Oregon State University is summarized below.
- Nanomanufacturing. Nanomanufacturing differs from nanotechnology in that it controls matter at the scale of a nanometer at high production rates. Low-cost routes to nanostructured surfaces and materials involve moving away from gas-phase processing to solution processing. Microchannel process technology (MPT) can enhance heat and mass transfer within solution processes leading to better process control. At Oregon State, researchers are using computational fluid dynamics to evaluate the effects of mixer design on nanoparticle size distribution during nanomaterial synthesis.
- Micromanufacturing. Typical micromanufacturing processes are developed around microchannel lamination or powder processing platforms drawing on backgrounds in solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, thermodynamics and material science. Examples of analysis and modeling studies being conducted at OSU include effects of powder/binder systems on flow and compaction behavior in injection molds and effects of device geometry and materials on the outcome of bonding processes.
MIME Graduate Faculty in Advanced Manufacturing
Other Oregon State Advanced Manufacturing Faculty
Human Systems Engineering uses engineering methods and knowledge from the physical, biological, information, social, and management sciences to develop, implement, operate, evaluate, and improve human–machine, human–human, and human–organization systems. Topical areas include management systems engineering and human factors and ergonomics.
- Human Factors and Ergonomics engineers focus on human sensory, perceptual, cognitive, and physical characteristics when designing tools, equipment, workstations, and tasks for manufacturing, aerospace, health care, and other complex systems in which people play significant roles as users, operators, and maintainers. Their goal is to ensure high levels both of human productivity, health, safety, and satisfaction and of system performance.
- Management Systems Engineering places an emphasis on interactions between people, decision tools, and work processes in designing organizational and group systems, structures, and processes. A multi-disciplinary field, Management Systems Engineering draws on the areas of management and organizational behavior, macro ergonomics, organizational development, quality management, engineering management and information systems.
MIME Graduate Faculty in Human Systems Engineering
Manufacturing Systems Engineering (MSE) focuses on the development of reliable, economically competitive, and environmentally benign manufacturing processes and systems. Topical areas include operations research, computer integrated manufacturing, environmentally responsible manufacturing, simulation, and statistical quality engineering.
- Operations Research emphasizes the development of quantitative models and techniques for solving complex planning, design, scheduling, and layout decision problems in manufacturing systems.
- Computer Integrated Manufacturing focuses on the use of computers in making manufacturing systems more efficient, for example through capture and analysis of process information, design and control of processing systems, and application of computer intelligence to improve manufacturing processes.
- Electronics Manufacturing focuses on manufacturing tools and methods associated with electronic process and product development, for example wafer manufacturing, semiconductor processing technologies, integrated circuit design, printed wiring board manufacturing, and surface mount technologies. Associated topics include statistical process control, environmental stewardship, design for manufacturability, supply chain management, production scheduling, and economic analysis are covered.
- Environmentally Responsible Manufacturing focuses on developing manufacturing processes and systems with minimal environmental impact and that reduce waste, effluents, and pollutants and protect human health and safety. Associated methodologies and tools include life cycle analysis, process input/output modeling, and design-for-environment approaches.
- Simulation involves using computers to imitate the operation of manufacturing systems driven by discrete events and to better understand and predict the behavior of systems whose interdependencies and operational complexities preclude analytical analysis. This approach is often used to evaluate designs and re-engineer systems before implementation.
- Statistical Quality Engineering involves the development and implementation of statistical tools to design or improve process and product performance.
MIME Graduate Faculty in Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Information Systems Engineering (ISE) uses information systems to integrate organizational mechanisms, people, and processes for purposes of improving organizational performance. Typical ISE technologies include database management systems, networks, wireless communications, web-enabled technologies, and automatic identification and data collection using bar codes, RFID, EDI, and other such devices.
At Oregon State, IE graduate students pursuing the ISE option apply these technologies to such applications as supply chain engineering, cost management, warehouse management, health services management, and production scheduling.